The History of England (English Library)

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A library assembled by the elector Friedrich Wilhelm of Brandenburg was founded in and later became the Prussian State Library. You are using an outdated browser.


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Guildhall Library

Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Load Previous Page. We think you will be amazed at the range of products that they can produce from a beehive.

At The MERL, we stock their bee-licious honey, some tasty honey foods, beautiful beeswax candles and a skincare range that will have your skin glowing. We have also ordered in more of their Beeswax Advent Candles for Christmas, bee-cause they have been flying out the door! So from next week, come down and get them quick or you may be disappointed!

John Fowler and Co. The Fowler collection held at The MERL contains production registers, photograph albums, drawings and other business records of exceptional quality. It is a very popular archive with steam enthusiasts researching the history of their own engines.

Library planning

This was a major technological innovation in the mechanisation of agriculture. Engines at either end of a field wound a large multi-furrow plough back and forth on a cable. Farmers valued this type of ploughing in areas of the country with heavy clay soil, which was very hard work for horses.

After first using other manufacturers to help produce his steam ploughs, Fowler established and opened his own business in Leeds in as The Steam Plough Works. It was a highly successful business and continued producing engines up until the s, with overseas offices in Europe, Asia and Australia. Prior to their conservation the volumes were fragile, the bindings were broken and a large number of their covers were suffering from leather rot.

In total, we had 43 volumes conserved from two series of records: production registers and photograph albums.

The photograph albums also contain images of each model, like the one below. Consequently, these are important records.

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As a result of this work, these volumes are more accessible to researchers and are preserved for future generations. The Museum reopened in October , following a major redevelopment, supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund. The MERL. Thurs 28th November Museum open 'til 9pm Plan your visit. What's on. Booking advisable. Exhibitions November 1 - November 15 Museum opening times Free. This morning we begin to explore the country of Hereward the Wake c. The Fens isolated this region until they were drained and tamed by Dutch engineers in the 17th century.

Wicken Fen is the last remnant of the Fens of East Anglia, which at their greatest extent covered square miles. This reserve, which comprises acres, is an artificially preserved wetland, managed by the National Trust since Our guided tour of Wicken Fen will reveal much of the natural and cultural history of this rich area and the technologies that have sustained it.

We next visit the Isle of Ely where St. Etheldreda, Queen of Northumbria, founded an abbey in AD. Abbot Simon, who owed his appointment to William the Conqueror, began construction of the great Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity here in Our tour of the cathedral will take in the west front with its impressive Galilee porch, the great Romanesque nave and the octagonal crossing with its distinctive lantern, the work of Alan of Walsingham and William Hurley and restored in the 19th century by Sir George Gilbert Scott. We shall also visit the Lady Chapel and enjoy the architectural delights of Cathedral Close and the surrounding town, where Oliver Cromwell was born in We return to Cambridge in the early afternoon and the rest of the day is at leisure.

Our tour will include a visit to the fine Library rooms and a display of the collections. Lord Fairhaven also had a remarkable library, which we will explore. The collection is rich in manuscripts and early printed books and we will be able to view some of these during our visit. The museum, one of the oldest in the world, was established in Today there will be an excursion to Holkham Hall, residence of the Earls of Leicester for years. Overnight Cambridge BL. This morning we visit the Parker Library, the rare books and manuscripts library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.

No less important are the Middle English, French and Latin texts on subjects ranging from alchemy and astrology to music and medicine. We then leave Cambridge for the Chiltern Hills near High Wycombe for a private visit to 18th-century Wormsley Park by special arrangement. Sir Paul Getty, son of the great collector and philanthropist, J. Paul Getty Snr, created its library, which has one of the finest private collections in the country. There are also the greatest British private press books, many of which are printed on vellum, such as the Kelmscott Chaucer and Ashendene Dante.

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Most spectacular is the collection of fine British and European decorative book bindings again ranging from the Renaissance to the 20th century. There is also an important collection of colour-plate travel books. We continue to Oxford, where we shall stay for three nights. Overnight Oxford BL. Oxford University founded c. Lewis, T. Eliot, Oscar Wilde, J. Tolkien, T. It contains 6. The Merton Library is the oldest continuously functioning library for scholars in the world. Its fine collection includes medieval manuscripts, early printed books, and the papers of distinguished members of the College including T.

Our tour will include a display of some of these great treasures. Overnight Oxford B.

Early history

Today we visit the cathedral city of Hereford. In the following centuries the town was involved repeatedly in struggles between the Saxons, the Welsh and the Vikings. Its strategic location on the Welsh Marches led to the construction of a huge castle by the Earls of Hereford dismantled in the 18th century. The cathedral has a grand Romanesque nave and a fine Gothic ceiling and tracery windows in the aisles.

It has a lustrously decorated Lady Chapel. Hereford Cathedral School is also one of the oldest schools in England. We shall explore the cathedral and the library museum, whose greatest treasure is the magnificent Mappa Mundi , the largest medieval map in existence. Although parts of Europe and Africa are identifiable in this map, which has as its centre Jerusalem, its real importance lies not in its accurate representation but in its portrayal of the medieval spiritual worldview, which includes paradise.

Its oldest manuscript, one of in the collection, is the extraordinary 8th-century Hereford Gospels. In the early afternoon, we return to Oxford via the picturesque Cotswolds, making a short stop at the village of Stow-on-the-Wold, an important medieval market town and now a centre for English antiques. As well as the large market square, the town has some very early coaching inns, including the Royalist Hotel that has timbers that have been carbon-dated to ; it is believed to be the oldest inn in England. Over years ago, Baron Ferdinand Rothschild transformed a barren hill in the countryside outside London into the setting for this breathtaking estate, where he entertained family and friends, politicians and artists, royalty and writers.

Over the years, he assembled an outstanding collection of French decorative art, and an extraordinary library rich in fine French imprints, to which his heir his younger sister Alice and in turn her heirs their French cousin James and his English wife Dorothy added many complementary furnishings, paintings and drawings. Today, Waddesdon Manor is admired not only for its architecture and luxurious and colourful French interior decor but also for its collections of superb English portraits and Dutch Old Masters, as well as its books, manuscripts and exquisite textiles.

The extensive gardens are renowned for their seasonal flower displays, and the Parterre, in particular, has been restored using traditional techniques. Our visit includes a private tour of the library, which contains the collection of 17th- and 18th-century volumes created by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild. This morning we have a special visit to the library at Christ Church in Oxford, which is an important resource and research centre that contains a large collection of early printed books and manuscripts. These are housed in the Upper Library, a feet long building lit by Venetian windows at either end, and three sash-windows overlooking the Peckwater Quadrangle, that was built between and It is unknown whether he had intended to build a library from the beginning as there was no provision for books until the early s.

The Library can be dated from a gift of twelve books that contain ex dono inscriptions from the reign of Elizabeth I, together with letters of appeal written to wealthy patrons in Following our library visit, we have the opportunity to view an important collection of Italian Old Master paintings and drawings from the 14th to the 18th century in the purpose-built Christ Church Picture Gallery that was opened by Her Majesty the Queen in Other collections have been donated to the Picture Gallery over the years, including one of 18th- and 19th-century English Glass and a number of Russian icons from the 17th and 18th centuries.